Integumentary System Worksheet (Chapter 6)

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 PART ONE – Multiple Choice 

  1. Which is not a function of the skin?  (Notes)
    1. Protection against mechanical injury
    2. Protection against foreign invaders
    3. Regulation of body heat
    4. All of the above are functions

 

  1. The layer of skin that lacks blood vessels is:  (pg.117)
    1. Subcutaneous.
    2. Dermis.
    3. Integument.
    4. Epidermis.

 

  1. The dermis does not contain:  (pg. 120)
    1. Sebaceous glands.
    2. Hair follicles.
    3. Mucous glands.
    4. Nerves.

 

  1. The color of human skin depends upon:  (pg. 119)
    1. Whether the blood within the skin is well oxygenated.
    2. The number of underlying blood vessels.
    3. The kind and amount of pigment.
    4. All of the above.

 

  1. Which layer of epidermis would be gradually shed through bathing? (pg. 118)

    1. Stratum granulosum
    2. Stratum corneum
    3. Stratum basale
    4. Stratum lucidum

 

  1. The dermis is primarily composed of which tissue type? (pg. 120)

    1. Nervous
    2. Muscle
    3. Connective
    4. Epithelial

 

  1. The amount of melanin produced in the skin is determined by the:  (pg. 119)
    1. Number of melanocytes.
    2. Activity of melanocytes.
    3. Diet.
    4. Proximity of blood vessels to the skin.

 

  1. Which epidermal layer is closest to a blood supply? (pg. 117)
    1. Stratum basale
    2. Stratum spinosum
    3. Stratum granulosum
    4. Stratum corneum

 PART TWO – Short Answer 

 

  1. Explain why a membrane is an organ. (p. 117)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Define integumentary system. (p. 117)

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between serous and mucous membranes. (p. 117)

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain the functions of synovial membranes. (p. 117)

 

 

 

 

  1. List six functions of skin. (p. 117)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between the epidermis and the dermis. (p. 117)

 

Epidermis

Dermis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain what happens to epidermal cells as they undergo keratinization. (P. 118)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Describe the function of melanocytes. (p. 118)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. List three factors that affect skin color. (p. 119)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Review the functions of dermal nervous tissue. (p. 120)

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Describe the subcutaneous layer and its functions. (p. 120)

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain how blood is supplied to various skin layers. (p. 120)

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between a hair and a hair follicle. (p. 120)

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain the function of sebaceous glands. (p. 121)

 

 

 

 

  1. Describe how nails are formed. (p. 122)

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between eccrine and apocrine sweat glands. (p. 123)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain how body heat is produced. (p. 124)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Explain how sweat glands help regulate body temperature. (p. 124)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Describe the body’s responses to decreasing body temperature. (p. 124)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between the healing of shallow and deeper breaks in the skin. (p. 125)